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Is cough syrup a controlled substance under federal law?

| May 18, 2021 | Drug Crimes |

Are all controlled substances in Indianapolis treated the same when it comes to the possession, manufacturing or trafficking of drugs? Not under federal law. Federal law classifies controlled substances into five schedules. Crimes involving Schedule I substances generally have more severe charges and penalties than crimes involving Schedule II substances, and so forth. The following is a brief overview of federal drug schedules, but as always, this post is for educational purposes only and does not contain legal advice.

Schedule I substances

Schedule I substances are those that do not have a current, acceptable medical use and that have a high propensity for abuse. Heroin, ecstasy and methaqualone are some examples of Schedule I substances. Note that unlike many state laws, marijuana is considered a Schedule I substance under federal law.

Schedule II substances

Schedule II substances are those with a high propensity for abuse and that have the potential to cause severe psychological or physical addiction. Vicodin, cocaine, OxyContin, fentanyl and methamphetamine are some examples of Schedule II substances.

Schedule III substances

Schedule III substances are those that have a moderate to low potential to cause physical or psychological addiction. The potential for abuse of Schedule III substances is less than that of Schedule II substances but more than that of Schedule IV substances. Tylenol with codeine, anabolic steroids and ketamine are some examples of Schedule III substances.

Schedule IV substances

Schedule IV substances are those that have a low potential for abuse and a low potential of addiction. Xanax, Valium and Tramadol are some examples of Schedule IV substances.

Schedule V substances

Schedule V substances are those with a lower potential for abuse than Schedule IV substances and that contain a limited amount of certain narcotics. Robitussin AC and Parepectolin are two examples of Schedule V substances.

Learn more about drug crimes in Indiana

What schedule a controlled substance falls under will determine what charges and penalties will be assessed in a case involving the possession, manufacturing or trafficking of drugs. It is important to understand any criminal charges you face, so you can develop a strong defense strategy. And, while the criminal justice system can be confusing and intimidating, attorneys such as those at Kammen & Moudy can offer you the experienced support you need during a difficult time.